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Dam removal must be part of the solution to recovering fish populations

By Eric Crawford, north Idaho field coordinator for Trout Unlimited.

As salmon and steelhead populations continue to decline, Idaho has arrived at a pivotal moment in how it will define itself for generations to come.

Last month, the Idaho Fish and Game Commission announced the closure of the Clearwater River to steelhead fishing effective Sept. 29.

This marks the first time in decades that this mighty river has been closed to steelhead anglers.

If dismal – depressingly low – fish returns aren’t a flashing red light that we have entered a critical moment, this closure should. Some experts predict that extinction of these iconic species is little more than a decade or two away, leaving no room for error or dawdling.

With only 10 percent of the 10-year average passing through Lower Granite, Idaho is on track to have one of the worst years on record for salmon and steelhead. In the 1800s an estimated 4 million salmon and steelhead populated our rivers. By the 1960s, 100,000 adults returned. In July, Idaho Fish and Game estimated only 665 wild B-run steelhead would return to Idaho.

So we find ourselves faced with two options: continue with the status quo, or come together to meet the challenge ahead.

As anglers, scientists, volunteers and advocates, Trout Unlimited is wholly committed to a future that includes fish.

We cannot fathom the alternative.

Trout Unlimited, with partners and volunteers, has put millions of dollars on the ground in Idaho restoring and reconnecting important salmon and steelhead habitat. It is our audacious vision that Idaho will once again see salmon and steelhead return en masse to its rivers, bending the rods of anglers, filling our freezers, boosting our local economies.

Making decisions based on sound science is a core principle at Trout Unlimited, and overwhelming scientific evidence has led us to support removal of the four lower Snake River dams. Science has shown that it is necessary to recover abundant, fishable and harvestable Snake River salmon and steelhead, even though it is not a silver bullet, and complementary actions will also be needed.

We understand that not everyone sees it the way we do. As members of the communities that have been and will be affected by this challenge, we recognize that all Idahoans must benefit from any solutions package. We are committed to seek solutions that work for fish and people.

Our wake-up call is here. The decision and solutions we put forth now will set the stage for years to come … maybe forever. We urge Idahoans to set their differences aside and come to the table. Collaboration takes time, creative thinking, and no small amount of patience. But ultimately it is the collaborative solutions which serve us best and last the longest.

ID State Council Meeting Agenda, October 19, 2019 McCall, ID

8:30                 Coffee with meet and greet 

9:00                 Welcome & Introductions

9:15                 Minutes- Approval

                        Elections

9:30                 Treasury Report & Budget- Andy Brunelle

9:45                 Advocacy issues: Michael Gibson’s: TU Sportsman Conservation Project

10: 15              Break

10:40               TU’sWater and Habitat program: Warren Collier & Scott Yates                                          

11:00               Priest River project, Merrit Horsmon, IDFG: 

11:40               Potlatch EAS: Tieg Ulshmid, IDFG 

12:00               Lunch: 

1:00                 Midas Gold South Fork Salmon River:  Mary Faurot 

1:20                 EAS Grants 

1:30                 NLC Report: Chris Jones

2:00                 State Council Chair:  Updates & Feedback & Save YCT project: Ed Northen 

2:20                 Climate Change Workgroup update: Carmen Northen:

2:40                 Tools and aids for Chapters and councils, Nick Halle TU Volunteer ops, Western Region 

3:00                 Break

3:15                 Chapter Reports: Highlights of Chapter efforts: 

4:30                 Success & Challenges of Chapters: Open Discussion 

4:45                 Set date and location spring meeting 

4:55                 Adjournment

6:00                 Dinner with council members and any spouses or guest. 

Top Ten Trout Stories for 2018

Every year Idaho Trout Unlimited compiles the top ten stories affecting trout, salmon and steelhead in the Gem State.  For previous years top ten check out years 2017, 2016201520142013201220112010 and 2009.

  1. Steelhead fishing saga – five conservation groups threatened to sue Idaho Fish and Game for not obtaining a Section 9 “take permit” required under the Endangered Species Act for the hatchery steelhead fishery that has incidental impacts to wild Snake River steelhead listed as a threatened species under ESA. IDFG had not received a permit for the past eight years, but had for the seventeen years prior (1993-2010). An informal agreement with NOAA fisheries, who issues the permit, both agreed other permit reviews were higher priority. And for seven years no one had complained about the lack of a permit, including the five conservation groups. Much consternation ensued when the Fish and Game Commission closed the steelhead fishery rather than lose a court case. The outcry was followed by negotiations and eventually an agreement was struck that allows the fishery to continue this winter and NOAA will eventually issue a permit in 2019.  Trout Unlimited’s CEO Chris Wood pointed out, “Threats of litigation, the Endangered Species Act, and bureaucratic wrangling are part of the official explanation, but the real problem is that there just aren’t enough wild steelhead making it back to Idaho.” https://www.tu.org/blog-posts/give-idaho’s-wild-steelhead-a-chance
  2. Climate Report – The Fourth National Climate Assessment state we will have more extreme weather events and we could see more years like 2015 when warm river temperatures in the lower Snake and Columbia Rivers had profound impacts on survival of salmon and steelhead returning to spawn. Fish die-offs like 2015 could become the new normal. See https://nca2018.globalchange.gov for more reading, including Chapter 24 on the Pacific Northwest.
  3. Anderson Ranch Reservoir – How will the tailwater fishery below Anderson Ranch Dam be affected by potential changes in river flows if one or more of the ideas and plans for the reservoir becomes reality? First there is the water right application by Elmore County to pump up to 200 cfs from the reservoir and transfer the water out of basin to Little Camas Reservoir and through canals to Mountain Home. Then there is the Bureau of Reclamation study of raising Anderson Ranch Dam by six feet to store more water. Finally, there is the Cat Creek Energy proposal for pump storage. The blue ribbon wild trout fishery depends on adequate winter time river flows and a healthy river needs high spring flows for routing sediment and flood plain connection. Both could be at risk from these water schemes.
  4. Hells Canyon Relicensing – A step forward in December when the Idaho and Oregon offices of environmental quality reached a settlement on the water quality certification for Idaho Power Company’s three dam complex. This agreement is needed for the relicensing of the three dams to move forward.  The original licenses expired in 2005 so it has been more than ten years of bureaucratic inertia on display.
  5. Big Wood River – A cooperative project with Trout Unlimited, Blaine County, the City of Hailey, and Flood Control District #9 is moving forward to repair some of the Big Wood River problems that either contributed to, or resulted from the 2017 flooding. The design and implementation of river treatments will also improve floodplain function and riparian areas by using techniques aligned with the river’s geomorphology. This and other project work are just part of the challenges and opportunities with the Big Wood River habitat and wild trout fishery in Idaho’s top destination location.
  6. Upper Salmon habitat – A couple of acquisitions will secure headwaters habitat for salmon and steelhead as well as native resident bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout. The Goat Falls Ranch was acquired by Western Rivers Conservancy and in 2018 the lands were transferred to the US Forest Service adding to the Sawtooth National Recreation Area. The 369 acre ranch had senior water rights and that water will now remain in Goat Creek and Meadow Creek, tributaries to the Salmon River.Meanwhile in 2018 the Conservancy purchased the 150 acre Cape Horn Ranch, through which Knapp Creek flows on its way to Marsh Creek, which in turn when meeting Bear Valley Creek forms the Middle Fork of the Salmon River in the Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness Area.  The waters diverted from Knapp Creek will be left in stream to improve habitat.
  7. Ed Schriever Appointment – The new Director of Idaho Fish and Game is Ed Schriever who will take control in January 2019.Ed’s appointment as director keeps the streak going where since 2002 directors have risen through the ranks of the fisheries bureau (Steve Huffaker 2002-09, Virgil Moore 2012-2019) or the salmon and steelhead program (Cal Groen 2009-2012) representing Idaho’s interests with downriver states in the long struggle to improve the viability of Idaho’s anadromous fish resource.
  8. Fish out of water – The attention on whether and how long to take a fish out of water and whether it affects fish survival received much attention in 2018 including as part of the top story on the steelhead fishing season.The https://www.keepemwet.org campaign has been around for a few years, and in 2018 the topic advances with data! A study on steelhead looks at fight time and air exposure as well as deep hooking rates, and another study looking at trout in the upper Snake River time out of water and landing time is also paired with a study looking at longer term reproduction effects  as well as a Ph. D. thesis that was produced on the topic.
  9. A growing movement in stream and watershed restoration involves use of “beaver dam analogue” structures, which are designed and built to mimic beaver dams as a method to slow water flows in a small stream and restore riparian areas. Across Idaho the use of “BDAs” are built as a low cost method for habitat improvement. Some projects are coupled with longer-term plans for beaver reintroduction. Improved stream and riparian conditions are good for fisheries as habitat complexity is improved, water flows extend into the summer months, and water temperatures are moderated.
  10. Access, access, access – The outdoor recreation community faced challenges in 2018. First, there was new legislation rewriting Idaho’s trespass laws that took a tortious path through the Idaho Legislature, generating opposition from outdoor recreation groups, county sheriffs, professional land surveyors and others. It eventually prevailed after a rewrite and additional amendments, becoming law when Governor Otter refused to signed it because he had additional concerns. The final version did have a better definition of navigable streams where public access continues to be allowed below the high water mark.A second manifestation was the loss of the local custom and culture of public access in southwest Idaho Mountains across the old Boise Cascade lands that were purchased in 2016 by out of state interests who have begun to gate and post lands.  This controversy will extend into 2019.

State Council Agenda

Idaho State Council of Trout Unlimited

April 7, 2018

Trophy Room, Idaho Fish and Game Headquarters

DRAFT AGENDA

8:30                 Coffee with meet and greet

9:00                 Welcome & Introductions

9:10                 Minutes- Approval

9:20                 Treasury Report & Budget- Andy Brunelle

9:40                 Michael Gibson’s  Report: Sportsman Conservation, Steelhead  and advocacy issues

10:30               Break

10:45               Kira Finkler, Director – Id Water Project/Western Water and Habitat Program

Overview of project work throughout Idaho

11:45               Lunch:& Tour of Boise Project : Peter Anderson, Kira Finnkler

1:00                 NLC Report Chris Jones

1:30                 State Council Chair:  Updates & Feedback: how can I help

2:00                 Save The Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout Update

2:15                 Andy Brunelle : Embrace A Stream (EAS)

2:30                 Break:  Favorite fly exchange

2:45                 Chapter Reports: Highlights of Chapter efforts:

: Success & Challenges of Chapters: open discussion

4:15                 IDFG 5 fisheries Year Plan  2019-2023

4:45                 Set date and location spring meeting

4:55                 Adjournment

6:00                 Dinner with council members and any spouses or guest

Hello All,  This looks like it is shaping up to be an interesting and fun ID Council meeting.

  • We will meet at the IDFG headquarters in the Trophy Room ( across the parking lot from the MK Nature center ( 600 South Walnut, Boise,) at 8:30 am
  • Later in the day we will take a tour of the “Cottonwood Creek daylighting project” completed by the Ted Trueblood chapter.  We will eat lunch while on the tour
  • We are also going to have a “ favorite fly exchange” so bring your favorite fly pattern to share with others ( one fly per participant).
  • We will also provide opportunity for discussion and thoughts on input for the IDFG 5 year plan( included below) the input phase of the scoping process ends April 30, 2018, a comment period will be allowed in August & Sept. 
    • I would be good if Chapter leaders could seek input from their members to discuss and provide input to IDFG . 
  • On Friday Night April 6th, at 6:00 we will meet at the Holiday Inn where we have lodging and travel from there to a local establishment ( yet to be determined) for food, drinks and camaraderie
  • Saturday after the meeting some people will go out for dinner together all are invited including spouses and friends.
  • A reminder to make you lodging reservation the guaranteed rate ends March 24th. 

To post or not to post? That is the question in Idaho.

By Michael Gibson 

Sportsmen and women in Idaho are concerned about a proposed law working its way through the Statehouse in Boise that could have drastic impacts on hunting and fishing access in the Gem State.

While Trout Unlimited agrees there could be some improvements in current trespassing laws in Idaho, there are some issues with House Bill 536, which would remove the requirements for landowners to post their property as private.

Removing these requirements would likely invite accidental trespassing, not prevent trespassing as the bill’s authors claim. In fact, should it become law, would muddy the state’s trespassing statutes and potentially confuse legal access to public lands. There are literally thousands of fences stretched across public land to denote grazing allotments. By not requiring landowners to post their land, confusion of what’s private and what’s public will get worse.

In fact, it’s almost as if the bill’s authors are trying to play “gotcha!” with sportsmen and women. It simply makes no sense.

TU also has concerns about the bill’s language that would levy a felony charge for repeat offenders who might think they’re on public land, but because no signs exist to warn them otherwise, they could be unknowingly guilty.

Taking away fishing and hunting privileges in such cases seems more appropriate than a felony charge, and would likely act as a large deterrent to hunters and anglers. But the larger issue still looms: unposted land adds confusion to the access issue.

But perhaps TU’s greatest concern is the fact there was no efforts made to include sportsmen when language for the bill was crafted. The bill was released to the general public after a print hearing on Feb. 8. Rep. Judy Boyle testified as the sponsor of the bill and stated she had been working on it for years. If that is the case, why weren’t sportsmen and women included in the discussions? Governing should be inclusive, and this bill is anything but.

During a House Agricultural Committee hearing on the bill, representatives of the Idaho Sheriff’s Association of Counties and the Idaho Prosecuting Attorneys Association also said their organizations knew nothing of HB 536 until it was printed. They expressed concern that the bill could be indefensible in court and, perhaps, even unconstitutional.

We encourage Idaho sportsmen and women—and hunters and anglers who visit Idaho to fish and every year and contribute to Idaho’s robust outdoor recreation economy— to reach out to Idaho’s legislators and make it clear that changes in the trespassing laws should be considered, but those changes must be done in the light of day and in collaboration with all the impacted parties.

Ask them to vote no on House Bill 356. You can find your state lawmakers here.

Michael Gibson is the Idaho Field Coordinator for Trout Unlimited’s Sportmen’s Conservation Project. He is currently spending a lot of time in the Idaho Statehouse in Boise. 

The 2017 Top Ten Trout Salmon and Steelhead Stories

Once again it’s time for the annual Idaho Trout Unlimited post of the “Top Ten Trout, Salmon and Steelhead Stories.”  See this link for last year’s top ten list.  This is the 9th annual presentation of stories affecting trout, salmon and steelhead and their watersheds in Idaho.   You can find the previous top ten stories for 201520142013201220112010 and 2009.  What follows is a mix of the obvious stories that circulated in the news media along with the little known, obscure but significant events, projects and policy advances that help protect and perpetuate North America’s cold water resource.

1. Steelhead Symbol – The poor Snake River steelhead returns portend a precarious status and uncertain future for Idaho’s ocean-going salmon species, and a low confidence that government agencies are going to much of anything to make things better about those killer dams.

The summer and early fall of 2017 saw stories about the forecast for poor numbers of Snake River steelhead bound for natal waters in Idaho and eastern Oregon.  In response the Idaho Department of Fish and Game in August closed steelhead harvest  and neighboring states followed suit.  Catch and release fishing was still allowed.  By mid August only 400 steelhead had crossed Lower Granite Dam, compared to the ten year average of 6,000 for that calendar date.  Later into the fall numbers improved and IDFG proposed opening a harvest season.  This led to a debate among anglers whether the still moribund numbers should be protected with catch and release only fishing or allow some harvest. Opinion was even split.  Riggins-based outfitter Kerry Brennan, quoted in theLewiston Tribune, said everybody cares for the resource.  “We are all on the same side. We just have a little different way of going about it.” The Commission placed a size limit on the Clearwater River to help protect the rare B-run steelhead.

Left out of the immediate debate of the fishing rules was the specter of the eight dams between Idaho and the Pacific Ocean which exact a toll when smolts migrate seaward and adult fish swim home.  On that front 2017 saw the Federal dam agencies like the Army Corps of Engineers and Bonneville Power Administration take their sweet time contemplating the court-ordered Environmental Impact Statement and reporting that it will be sometime year 2020 when people see an EIS.  The judge seemed not too pleased with the overly broad and leisurely approach to the study but acknowledged he cannot tell the agencies how to do their EIS.  This is all connected to the legal violations of the Endangered Species Act   Meanwhile NOAA Fisheries released it’s long-awaited Snake River Salmon Recovery Plans.  First launched in 1992 the recovery plan took 25 years (yes, you read that right, twenty-five years) to bring to a final document.  And NOAA did it in a way to discount it’s relevance by first pointing out that a recovery plan is not bindingi.e., actions are voluntary and secondly by not including the removal of the lower Snake River dams as a necessary recovery action despite all the scientific evidence that it’s about the only thing that can be done to improve survival rates sufficient to recover the Snake River Chinook salmon species.  That the responsible federal agencies are not planning to do much to make things better is largely what was found in a series of articlespublished over five months by Idaho Statesman reporter Rocky Barker.  Barker also took time to recount how the newspaper’s editorial board took a position in favor of breaching the dams back in 1997, and how they hold to that position today.

2. Big water year – 2017 stands out as one of the top years for stream run-off thanks to the records in snowpack and precipitation.  While this condition created issues of local economic losses with snow damage and flooding, there was also an impact on fisheries.  Some of the more pronounced impacts were on the Big Wood River in Blaine County.  This will have long term implications for that river, and Trout Unlimited did its part to counsel for appropriate actions in response to the flooding.
On the Boise River ahabitat project completed in winter 2016 was subjected to flows in the range of 8,000 cfs for a couple of months or so (bank full discharge of the Boise River is considered 6,500 cfs).  The project weathered the storm after some late winter planting.
Meanwhile on the South Fork Boise River the high flows in the spring months rearranged the sediment and debris that washed into the river following the wildfires in the summer of 2013.  In the Snake River the high flows were beneficial for sturgeon spawning, something that doesn’t happen very often.  The high flows aided with migration of smolts to the Pacific Ocean, at least those not captured and placed in barges.
3. National award for Yankee Fork restoration projects – The Chief of the US Forest Service recognized the Yankee Fork Restoration Project for a Chief’s Honor Award at a ceremony in Washington, D.C. in December.  The Salmon-Challis National Forest and it’s fisheries biologist Bart Gamett received recognition for this award, along with  partners the Bonneville Power Administration, Bureau of Reclamation, Idaho Fish and Game, Idaho Governor’s Office of Species Conservation, J.R. Simplot Incorporation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries, Shoshone-Bannock Tribes, Tiffany and Company Foundation, Trout Unlimited, and the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service.  A recent news release from the Salmon-Challis NF noted the Yankee Fork Restoration Project was a multi-year, multi-funded river restoration project and included team members Cassie Wood, Project Manager, Trout Unlimited; Paul Drury, Project Manager, Bureau of Reclamation; and Evelyn Galloway, Habitat Biologist, Shoshone Bannock Tribe.  Here is a recent video of some of the work in the Yankee Fork drainage.
4. Clark Fork Connections –  Several activities along the Clark Fork River show the work being done to reconnect the river’s bull trout populations that are fragmented by large dams.  The Cabinet Gorge Dam passage program of trap and haul of bull trout coming from Lake Pend Oreille into the Clark Fork River is well known.   More recently, focus is now on passage proposals on Albeni Falls Dam, the downstream outlet of Lake Pend Oreille.  Multiple interests are coming together on restoring the Clark Fork Delta.  Check out this great video from Idaho Fish and Game:
Yet counter to these restoration actions is the proposal for significant mining near the Clark Fork River in Montana.  In early 2017, the Fish and Wildlife Service determined that it must reanalyze its review of the Rock Creek Mine proposal because new information shows the mining will cause baseflow reductions in Rock Creek and East Fork Bull River, and also there is additional bull trout critical habitat designated in 2010.  This additional review is needed to comply with a Court order that found a Biological Opinion to be unlawful based on the long-tern dewatering of streams critical to bull trout that would affect important populations and core areas (Kootenai River and lower Clark Fork River).
5. Springfield hatchery debacle – It is hard to live down a headline, “Idaho Hatchery Built to Save Salmon is Killing Them.”   The Springfield fish hatchery near Aberdeen was built as a conservation hatchery for Snake River sockeye salmon.  In November a story broke of a poor survival rate of sockeye smolts raised at Springfield and then trucked to the Sawtooth Valley for release in the Salmon River to migrate to the sea.  Idaho Fish and Game made an admirable effort to explain the problem and what they were doing about it to make things better.  Turns out the hard water at the Springfield hatchery (high in calcium carbonate) where the sockeye are raised is much different than the soft water of the Salmon River and its headwater streams.  And moving the smolts from one condition of water chemistry abruptly to another creates too much stress for the young fish to handle.  Why the big difference in water chemistry?  Basically it comes down to geology.  The basalt rock of the Snake River plain where the hatchery draws its water is maybe one to three million years old and a different kind of rock while the headwaters of the Salmon River drain from mountains of granite that were formed some 40 million to 60 million years ago.

Tincup Creek work is progressing

6. Tincup Creek Restoration – It took a Jackson Hole, WY Chapter to find a project in Idaho that turns out to be the top rated project in the nation.  When the Jackson Hole Chapter applied for a Trout Unlimited Embrace A Stream grant the Tincup Creek project ended up rated first among nearly 60 projects across the nation.  Tincup Creek drains a large area on the Caribou-Targhee National Forest and flows east from Wayan, Idaho to a confluence with the Salt River in Freedom, Wyoming. The Salt River is tributary to the Palisades Reservoir and part of the large upper South Fork Snake River watershed.  This project will restore habitat for native cutthroat trout and address watershed problems that date from the mid 1950s when herbicides were broadcast along the stream to kill off all the willow that helped provide stable stream banks and shade on the stream.

7.  Lewiston Orchards Water Exchange – The first year in operation of the first well for the Lewiston Orchards Irrigation Project was in 2017 and less water was diverted from headwater streams in the Lapwai Creek area south of Lewiston.  The long time diversion of water from small streams affected Snake River steelhead, so the Bureau of Reclamation, New Perce Tribe, Lewiston Orchard Irrigation District and Bureau of Indian Affairs developed a plan to replace the surface water diversions with groundwater pumping.  The first year using one groundwater well is complete and additional wells will be drilled when funds are available.  “This project will restore flow reliability to stream in the Lapwai Watershed, including Sweetwater Creek,” says Kira Finkler, director of Trout Unlimited’s Idaho Water Project.  “Because of the unique characteristics of Sweetwater Springs, the biological value of these streams for steelhead is likely very high and the project will contribute to increasing the resilience of steelhead to climate change impacts.  The restoration of these biological values will resolve the project’s effects on the New Perce Tribe and its people, including impacts to natural and to cultural and religious water users.”

Big crowd rally for public lands.

8. Public Lands rally and legislative progress in 2017 – Idaho’s public lands are a treasure! These lands, and access to them, are why most of us choose to live, work and raise families in Idaho.  These lands and watersheds are essential to the wild trout and salmon populations in this state. However, many Federal and State Legislators seek to pull the rug out from under us by transferring ownership of federal public lands to the state or selling this cherished resource to the highest bidder. Trout Unlimited joined with other organizations to put on a rally at the Idaho Capitol which was attended by more than 3,000 people.  Meanwhile the legislative session resulted in some progress on a number of fronts, good for salmon and trout.  Idaho Fish and game brought forward its  first fee increase in over a decade. The 20% increase would add $1-$6 dollars on most licenses and with an innovative “Price Lock” proposal:  if you buy a license every year, you do not pay the increase.  It took some finagling along the way, including a new “conservation license” added to all hunting and fishing licenses that will pay for additional wildlife depredation claims.  But for anglers the fund are split in half with money going to access for hunting and fishing.

9. Wimpy Creek project on Lemhi River – Another project reconnecting a piece of the Upper Salmon basin in the Lemhi River.  Back in 1992 the Lemhi Model Watershed Project was designed by then Governor Cecil Andrus as the focus area for habitat projects as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council’s Fish and Wildlife Program.  Some 25 years later many, many projects continue to go forward under the aegis of multiple agencies and organizations.  Trout Unlimited’s Idaho Water Project is working with the Moulton Ranch on this project.

10. Cecil Andrus leaves a conservation legacy – August 2017 and the passing of former Idaho Governor and Secretary of the Interior Cecil Andrus brought forth a multitude of stories that remind everyone of the conservation legacy of Idaho’s only four-term Governor and first President-appointed cabinet secretary.  During his 14 years as Governor, Cecil Andrus established an unmatched record of trout, salmon and steelhead conservation.  He brought those values to the national stage as Secretary of the Interior under President Jimmy Carter, ensuring the protection of 103 million acres of Alaska, large areas of the Idaho back country, and numerous Wild and Scenic River designations, a half-dozen coming the night before Ronald Reagan took office.

In Idaho during his six years in the State Senate in the 1960s a state law was passed protecting the Middle Fork Salmon River from dredge mining.  He proposed a state surface mining law in 1970 and campaigned for Governor in opposition to an open pit mine at the base of Castle Peak.  His election that year began an era of conservation in Idaho that lasts to present day through a number of laws, policies and agencies that were put in place, many of which contribute to the protection of Idaho’s trout and salmon species.

One of his major efforts was focused on Idaho’s anadromous fish.  Andrus used to fish for steelhead in the North Fork of the Clearwater River in the 1950s when he was raising a young family in Orofino.   A blog post from the Ted Trueblood Chapter recounts that he took a leadership role in protection of Idaho’s salmon and steelhead runs:

In 1990 (during his second life as Governor 1987-95), the first Endangered Species Act petitions were filed by indian tribes and conservation groups on the Snake River sockeye salmon, as well as the Snake River spring, summer and fall Chinook salmon.  This was a big deal and very politically-charged at the time, because in the Pacific Northwest the Endangered Species Act and other federal laws had affected management of National Forests, severely restraining timber sales and in turn logging and saw milling jobs in rural forest communities.

To many idahoans the Endangered Species Act status for Snake River salmon could spell massive economic disruption.  High concern spread among water users that federal agencies based in the downstream states of Oregon and Washington could find a way to demand water from Idaho irrigators and instead use the water to push the juvenile salmon to the ocean during the spring migration.

Rather than shy away from what looked like a no-win issue, Andrus plunged in. The four states, federal agencies, interest groups and trade associations in the region held a number of meetings, called the Salmon Summit.  And it was Idaho Governor Cecil Andrus who brought forward a plan.  A plan that focused on the real problem created by the construction of the four lower Snake River Dams that slowed the flowing waters into a series of stagnant reservoirs and preventing free migration of salmon and steelhead to the sea.  And Andrus decided to make it a national issue.

Governor Andrus, who was a Trout Unlimited member, leaves a legacy that inspires many to continue the conservation mission for Idaho’s salmon, steelhead and trout.

Trout Unlimited testimony on the Idaho Fish and Game Fee Legislation

Testimony for House Bill 230

Mr. Chairman, members of the committee, My name is Michael Gibson, Idaho Field Coordinator for Trout Unlimited, I am from Boise. I come before you today representing our Idaho members and convey our support for H230.

Trout Unlimited is made up of angler conservationists with a mission to conserve, protect and restore Idaho’s coldwater fisheries and their watersheds. We understand the importance of a fully funded fish and game agency and their ability to efficiently manage fish and wildlife populations now and for the future. Idaho has arguably the best fishing and hunting opportunities in the lower 48 states and is the envy of the nation. We deserve to have the best and brightest personnel to manage this world-class resource. Fulling funding the agency allows them to find and retain qualified biologists and staff in a competitive marketplace.

We applaud the agency for “thinking outside the box,” so to speak, with their innovative price lock proposal. Price Lock, which rewards loyal customers who annually by hunting and fishing licenses, by holding their cost for hunting, fishing and big game tags at current levels, also helps recruit infrequent and sporadic purchasers of licenses and retain them in the system.

H230 also proposes a new revenue stream to address the challenge of big game depredation on private land and more money for hunting and fishing access programs. Further, a larger portion of each fishing license will go towards fishing improvements and fishing access.

While we recognize that asking sportsmen and women to pay more in fees is never easy, the bill before you today strikes a balance with keeping up with increasing costs, effective management of Idaho’s wildlife resource, protecting private landowners, increasing access opportunities and rewarding loyal customers.

With that I ask for you move H230 to the floor with a do pass recommendation.

Yellowstone Science Issue Features Native Fish Conservation

The latest issue of Yellowstone Science magazine focuses on native fish conservation in Yellowstone National Park.  There are several articles about native Yellowstone cutthroat trout including our restoration efforts in Yellowstone Lake (see pages 4-17 and 42-74 in particular). The article on pages 52-53 recognizes the hard work of the Yellowstone Lake Working Group, of which TU Idaho Council is an active member.
This issue, as well as past issues of Yellowstone Science can be viewed and downloaded here:
submitted by John Ellsworth, Idaho Council Yellowstone Cutthroats Coordinator